At this point in time, the total area of apple orchards in Moldova amount to 50,000 hectares. There are 22,700 hectares of plums, 3,700 hectares of apricots, 4,100 hectares of sweet cherries, 3,800 hectares of tart cherries and 5,200 hectares of peaches. These statistics are based on estimates by agricultural organizations and data from the Agency for Interventions and Payments in Agriculture (AIPA) and the National Bureau of Statistics.
Since 2016, apple and peach orchards in Moldova have decreased by 2,500 hectares and 2,100 hectares respectively. While the plantations of sweet cherry and sour cherry have expanded by 1,100 hectares and 600 hectares respectively, apricots by 500 hectares, and plums by 400 hectares.
Experts note that over the course of the last five years, the largest segment of new fruit plantations was still apple orchards, which grew by at least 1,000-1,500 hectares annually.
The most dynamically expanding segment is sweet cherry production. In the last five years, cultivating new plantations has exceeded the rate of uprooting old orchards. In the last two or three years, apricot cultivation has been attached to this segment. Farmers are planting apricot orchards to keep the stable workforce busy for longer during the growing season. Yet, the production of sweet cherries for export is considered the main activity.