Michoacan's plantain production between January and August 2020 increased by 4.2% over the same period of 2019, placing the state as Mexico's fifth-largest producer with 122,224 tons, behind Chiapas (488,000 tons), Tabasco (426,000 tons), Veracruz (224,000 tons) and Colima (144,000 tons), according to data from the Agricultural Food and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP).
The municipality of Coahuayana is Michoacan's most important plantain producer, as it accounted for almost 80% of the state's production, equivalent to more than 97,000 tons. It is followed by the municipalities of Lazaro Cardenas, with 7,000 tons; Apatzingan, with 6,085, and Tepalcatepec, with 5,171 tons of plantain, as well as seven other municipalities with much lower production volumes.
Nearly 993 farmers in Michoacan are dedicated to this crop; 743 men and 250 female heads of household. The state produces different varieties of plantain. Its biggest production is of the Macho variety, which is followed by the Valery, Dwarf Giant, Tabasco, Dominico, Manzano, and Pera varieties.
Plantain cultivation has been one of the last crops to join the Sustainable Agriculture program, which is promoted by the state government, this year. In mid-August, Michoacan's Ministry of Rural and Agri-food Development (Sedrua) started the new application stage of the new bio-inputs for 50 hectares.
The state agency has stressed that the scheme is about a series of agro-ecological practices that, in addition to lowering input costs, allow producers to achieve products with a higher volume and quality.
According to a report published at the beginning of the year by Sedrua, in the last four years, the value of Michoacan's plantain production increased by almost 100%, going from 355 million pesos to more than 677 million. The state expects to improve the quality, prices, and total volume of its plantain production with the support of programs, such as Sustainable Agriculture, and the help of local producers.