The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER) has decided to resort to pineapple in vitro cultivation to have enough seedlings for the establishment of new plantations in the Mexican state of Jalisco, where the cultivation of the Miel variety is booming.
According to the director of Fruit and Vegetable Production Promotion of the state agency, Nestor Daniel Olivares Mora, to achieve this goal, a plant biotechnology laboratory has already been installed in the SADER-Jalisco nursery in the municipality of Tomatlan.
According to the state official, producing the pineapple seedlings in the laboratory will allow decreasing costs, as the vegetative material is currently being brought from the producing entities of the Mexican southeast, especially from Veracruz, which entails considerable freight costs.
Olivares Mora said that the Miel variety (known as MD2) was taking market share from the Cayena variety because it is sweeter (in Brix degrees) than that variety; which explains the higher demand for its cultivation. So far this year, he said, 1,000 hectares have already been planted with this variety.
An important experience in Jalisco's pineapple production is that there is an advance in the ecological production of the fruit, based on fertilization with biological inputs, especially with earthworm humus.
Jalisco is the fifth largest pineapple producer in the country with 35,000 tons and 535 hectares in production. In addition, the fruit produced in this state has a marketing advantage over the fruit produced in the southeast, as it goes on the market from May to October, while the fruit of the southeast is mostly sold in other periods of the year.