The weekly report of the Observatory of Prices and Markets dedicated to citrus production corresponding to week 24 of 2020, highlights that "Andalusia's Verna lemon campaign has been affected in its final stretch by the entry of lemon from the southern hemisphere.
"The high demand for citrus in the market due to the health crisis caused by COVID-19, and the high prices citrus fruits have reached in the market have attracted other producing countries, such as South Africa, Argentina, or Uruguay, who advanced the shipment of their fruit to Europe by up to a month," the report states.
"Andalusia's Verna lemon campaign is being affected by a slowdown in the commercialization of this citrus, as well as by a decrease in its average value," Andalucia's Regional Government stated.
"In general, Argentine lemon accesses the EU via Spanish ports and it is marketed through national commercialization channels, consequently generating economic development in our country," they added. "On the other hand, South African lemon usually enters the European market via Rotterdam, generating no indirect economic benefit for the Spanish sector," the Observatory stated.
Average prices for Andalusia's lemon
According to the report, lemon purchase and sale operations in the field are scarce, due to the market's low demand for Andalusia's Verna lemon.
"The supply of early Argentine or South African lemons has led to a decrease in prices and a decrease in demand for Andalusian lemon," the report states.
The negative trend of the last weeks in the average prices of Andalusian lemon in the field continues.
The average prices of the Andalusian lemon in week 24 of the 2019/20 campaign decreased by 18% over the previous week (0.50 euro/kg), reaching an average value of 0. 41 euro/kg. This figure is 37% higher than the average value registered in week 24 of 2019 (0.30 euro/kg), but 47% lower than the one registered in the same period of 2018 and 23% lower than the value reached in the same week of 2017.
The average value of this citrus in the European market has decreased by 36%, on average, between week 20 and week 24, when it reached an average value of 0.85 euro/kg.