The specialists who participated in the “Garlic Market, an opportunity in the COVID-19 scenario” virtual seminar, which was organized by Sierra and Selva Exportadora, concluded that the new global scenario generated by the pandemic represents a great opportunity to increase Peruvian garlic sales in national and international markets. As the world demand for garlic increases, China -the largest producer of garlic- can't export its product to the US (where it's been banned), and Spain's production -another major exporter- does not compete with the Peruvian offer, as the northern hemisphere's production calendar does not overlap with the southern hemisphere's production.
Fernando Gomez, the general manager of Semiagro, recommended identifying the garlic cloves that stand out for their size and shape for planting to obtain better-sized plants for production. He also suggested taking advantage of the double annual garlic campaign that Peru manages in relation to China, a country that does not have garlic production between October and January.
Peru has eight varieties of garlic that have adapted to the high salinity conditions of the Coast: Napuri (Tambo, Arequipa), Huaralino (Huaral y Cañete, Lima), Barranquino (Barranca, Lima), Chino Blanco (Tambo and Majes, Arequipa), Arequipeño (Arequipa), Aricota (Tacna), Chino Sierra (Arequipa), and Pata de Perro (Cajamarca and north coast).
After noting the importance of having seeds that achieve a higher yield per hectare, Miguel Salas, from Proajo, said that the world's demand for this product is growing amidst the COVID-19 pandemic because of its immunological properties.
Stanley Sanchez, Deputy Manager of Agrarian Promotion of the Regional Government of Arequipa, said that Peru needed to increase the production of the variety that the market demands and take advantage of the harvest months when the product from China is scarce to improve its competitiveness.
Meanwhile, Viviana Mendoza, from Sierra y Selva Exportadora, considered that they need to improve the yield per hectare and reduce the gap with China, which produces 28 tons per hectare while Peru produces 10.7 tons, to compete with other markets.