Addressing students of the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University’s Horticultural College and Research Institute for Women and Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College and Research Institute (ADACRI) on Tuesday, Dr.Prakash, an international consultant in viticulture, said grapes are an important fruit grown widely in India and the country was a major exporter of fresh grapes.
Dr G.S.Prakash, is former Head, Division of Fruit Crops, Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Bengaluru. He said grapes are among the top foreign exchange earners among fruit crops. Cultivation of grapes creates employment opportunities for farmers, farm labourers, exporters, traders and indirect employment to several others.
In India, grapes are being cultivated on a wide range of soils right from sandy loam to saline and alkali soils. Grapes are grown across a range of agro climatic zones.
Nowadays, grape growers are following good agricultural practices (GAP) to attain international standards and explore better opportunities for export. Adopting GAP in pruning, vineyard management, irrigation, fertilization, crop protection, appropriate stage and method of harvesting, packaging, storing and transporting are important.
Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and the north-western region covering Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh were major grape growing areas in the country.