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Fruit fly infestation threatens exports Mozambique

The Mozambican Ministry of Agriculture has expressed serious concern about the spread of the fruit fly, which is posing a serious threat to exports of Mozambican fruit and vegetables.

The insect was first detected in Mozambique in 2018, apparently entering the country from Kenya. Initially it attacked fruit crops in the northern and central provinces, but the fly has now spread throughout the country.

In 2018, the pest forced the authorities to stop exports of fruit for three weeks, at a cost of about 2.5 million US dollars.

Speaking on Monday at the opening of a five day regional workshop on the fruit fly, the National Director of Agriculture, Pedro Zucula, said fruit fly infestations were “a major concern for our country, and have caused enormous damage to producers”.

He said that, since it was first detected, various initiatives have been undertaken to neutralise the pest and to minimize its effects on agricultural production.

To achieve success in fighting the fruit fly, the Ministry of Agriculture has been working in co ordination with the European Union and with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), in implementing technical assistance projects, valued at 170,000 dollars.

According to the FAO representation in Mozambique, about 20 per cent of all losses in fruit and vegetables in the country are caused by the fruit fly. The fruit species most attacked have been bananas, guavas and mangoes.

According to clubofmozambique.com, FAO representative Coelho da Silva recommended controlling the health of orchards by destroying all fallen fruit, the appropriate use of insecticide bait, and male annihilation (using a male lure, combined with an insecticide, to reduce the number of male fruit flies to such a level that reproduction is unlikely to occur). The combination of these methods can drastically cut the levels of infestation.


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