For the year 2018-19, West Bengal has emerged as the number one Indian state regarding vegetable production, according to the data presented at a recent horticultural meeting. The conference was conducted by the Agriculture Ministry last week. West Bengal has produced 29.55 million tons (mt) of vegetables previous year as compared to 27.70 mt in the year before. Meanwhile, vegetable production in Uttar Pradesh that held the number one position before, came down to 27.71 mt in 2018-19 from 28.32 mt the previous year.
Indian fruit production
Now talking about fruit production, Andhra Pradesh continues to hold on the top position in fruits with 17.61 million tons, followed by Maharashtra with 10.82 mt and Uttar Pradesh with 10.65 mt. On the other hand, Andhra Pradesh slightly improved its position, Maharashtra surpassed Assam that occupied second position in 2017-18. Uttar Pradesh also moved several notches up from 2017-18 levels to reach the 3rd rank.
It must be noted that West Bengal accounted for 15.9% of India's total vegetable production in 2018-19 and UP produced 14.9%. Madhya Pradesh (9.6%), Bihar (9%) & Gujarat (6.8%) were the other key vegetable producers.
According to third advance estimates, the area under vegetable cultivation went up from 6.74 million hectare (mh) in 2004-05 to 10.10 mh in 2018-19. Vegetable output increased from 101.25 mt in the year 2004-05 to 185.88 tons in 2018-19, with an average production of 18.4 tons / hectare. The main vegetable crops grown in the country, which accounts for 11.2% of global vegetable production are onion, potato, tomato, brinjal, cauliflower, cabbage, peas and okra.
With a production of 98.58 million tons, fruits account for around 31.4% of the total production of horticulture crops in India. The area under fruit crops cultivation in 2018-19 was 6.65 mh that is 26.1% of the total area under horticulture cultivation in the country.