COAG has announced new protests in the framework of its campaign to demand solutions to the price crisis that has hit the Spanish fruit and vegetable sector. On December 13, hundreds of agricultural producers from the main producing areas of the Mediterranean arch will gather in front of two of the main logistics centers supplying large distributors in northern and southern Spain. The producers of the regions of Aragon, Catalonia and La Rioja will demonstrate in front of the facilities of an important logistics center in Barcelona, while the producers of Andalusia and the Region of Murcia will do so in Malaga.
After last week's blockade of the Port of Motril, in Granada, to denounce the fraudulent entry of uncontrolled imports, now the focus is on the distribution chains. “Producers are facing sustained pressure within an unbalanced food chain, which yields significant margins for those who have all the bargaining power. They impose prices and conditions on us, forcing us to sell the products at any price,” said the head of the fruit and vegetable sector of COAG, Andrés Góngora.
As reflected in the data collected in the Food Price Index at Origin and Destination (IPOD) of October 2019, the campaign started with prices at origin standing well below the production costs. In the case of eggplant, the average price at origin was € 0.23 / kg, while consumers paid € 1.90 / kg; a differential of 726%. In the case of zucchini, while the growers received € 0.30 / kg, consumers paid € 1.55 / kg; + 417%. Lemons and peaches recorded field to store price differentials exceeding 500%.
In financial terms, the fruit and vegetable sector is the most relevant for Spanish agriculture. It accounts for 61% of the value of the country's plant production, 37% of the total agricultural production, and generates half of the jobs in agricultural production tasks. Moreover, Spain is one of the world's leading fruit and vegetable exporters.