The Center for Studies and Research for the Management of Agricultural and Environmental Risks (Ceigram) has predicted that “the map of crops in Europe will change as a result of climate change. The producers will have to adapt not only the techniques implemented, but also their choice of crops.”
For many agricultural producers, such as Benjamín Faulí (Asaja, Málaga), the changes have favored the expansion of avocados in places such as Campo de Gibraltar, Valencia and Alicante. Among the most negative effects, he says that the higher temperature peaks in months like May can take a toll on the flowering and fruit setting of citrus fruits and affect the physiological development of trees and the development of the campaign, facilitating also the proliferation of pests whose presence was not previously recorded in Spain.
In Lleida, Josep Cabré (Union de Uniones) is concerned about the shortened “winter rest” for pome and stone fruit trees, the increase in the number of spring frosts and the impact of heat waves in summer, with temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius in the producing areas of Catalonia and Zaragoza which "have damaged the pear harvest."
According to data from the InfoAdapta Agri II project of the agricultural organization UPA, 93% of Spanish producers believe that the climate is changing and 92% understand that the distribution of rainfall has changed.
Agricultural engineer and Aemet meteorologist Cayetano Torres claims that in Spain, the biggest problem is the water supply. “We have just the necessary amount of water and all weather forecasts point to a 5 to 10% reduction of rainfall by the year 2100, and with a more torrential rainfall regime.”