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European Union to outlaw use of chlorpyrifos

According to the European Commission, the use of the pesticide chlorpyrifos will be banned in the near future. The chemical, used mainly for citrus fruits, has been linked with neurological problems. The European Commission on Friday said it would not renew a license for the insecticide chlorpyrifos after the European Union agency assessment.

Chlorpyrifos is already banned in Germany and six other EU countries, but it is still used on fruit plantations in much of southern Europe. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) said the risks of exposure to the chemical were of particular concern when it came to children's health.

In August, the EFSA certified chlorpyrifos as being likely to cause mutations in genes and harm the nervous system. The report cited "possible genotoxic effects as well as neurological effects during development. This means that no safe exposure level ­-or toxicological reference value- can be set for the substance."

Rules differ across EU
To be marketed in the EU, chemical substances must be approved by a committee of experts, headed by the Commission, made up of the bloc's 28 member countries. Individual countries can then decide unilaterally whether or not to approve products that contain such substances. reported that licensing for chlorpyrifos runs out in January, after which companies will have three months to dispose of stocks. Importing fruit treated with the chemical has already been banned in Denmark, but is still permitted in Germany.  Use of the chemical is particularly prominent in the growing of citrus fruits such as mandarins and oranges.


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