Washington is by far the US’s top apple producer. Around 58% of apples produced in the United States are grown in Washington, followed by New York with 11% and Michigan with 8%. This year's Washington fresh apple crop is estimated at 137.3 million 40-pound boxes, up from around 116 million in 2018.
The added volumes pose a challenge for the export market, Mark Powers, president of the Northwest Horticultural Council, a Yakima-based trade association, said earlier this year.
China slapped a 50% tariff on U.S. apples in 2018, reducing state shipments to that country by 20%. Washington growers did get a reprieve this year when Mexico, the state's No. 1 export market – importing 13 million boxes annually – removed the threat of a 20% retaliatory tariff. Canada, the state's No. 2 market, also dialed back threatened tariffs.