Bangladesh has achieved a remarkable growth in fruit production in past few years. According to Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of United Nations, the fruit production has increased by 11 per cent on an average annually for the last 18 consecutive years.
Bangladesh ranks second in jackfruit production, seventh in mango production, eighth in guava production and 14th in papaya production now. The consumption of fruits has increased twice in the past 10 years in the country as well.
Plenty of fruits of all seasons are available in the markets round the year now. Increasing use of lands for producing fruits commercially, planting fruit trees on house compounds, managing and nurturing fruit trees and orchards, study and research, people’s growing interest in local varieties of fruits and domestic production of foreign fruits have great impacts on the total production of fruits, according to experts.
A country of 100 types of fruits
There are nearly hundred varieties of fruits in Bangladesh. It is said that, as many as 70 types of fruits are cultivated in this country. There are another 60 types of wild fruits available that are not cultivated. In total, the number of edible fruit types is 130. Of them 10-12 fruits including mango, jackfruit, banana, guava, pineapple, papaya, water melon, litchi, coconut and various types of limes are grown commercially.
About 5 million tonnes fruits are grown in less than 1 per cent of total crop lands in the country. Almost 63 per cent of the total production is mango, jackfruits and banana. Of those, 25 per cent are mangoes.