According to the statistical entity Eurostat, regional diversity in the EU is present in agricultural production methods, such as the extent of organic farming. There is only one region where over one half of agricultural land is farmed with organic production methods, while 13% of the regions had less than 1% of their area under organic farming in 2016.
The total organic area is the sum of the ’area under conversion’ plus the ‘certified area’. Before an area can be certified as ‘organic’, it must undergo a conversion process, which may take 2-3 years depending on the crop.
Extent of organic farming across EU regions
The extent of organic farming varies considerably across EU regions. The highest share of organic farming was reported in the Salzburg region of Austria, where about one half (52%) of the total utilised agricultural area was used for organic farming in 2016 (the latest year for which regional data are available). There were a further seven regions where organic farming accounted for upwards of one quarter of total utilised agricultural area: Severozápad in Czechia (30%), Norra Mellansverige in Sweden (29%), Calabria in Italy (29%), Mellersta Norrland in Sweden (28%), Burgenland in Austria (27%), Sicily in Italy (26%) and Moravskoslezsko in Czechia (25%).