According to data supplied by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAP), the country's per capita nut consumption amounts to 3.13 kilos per year. Currently, the consumption of nuts accounts for 1.56% of the expenditure in groceries, as in recent years there has been an increase not only of consumption, but also of the price. Last year, the average per capita expenditure in nuts stood at 23.31 Euro, 5.7% more than in 2017.
As pointed out in the report, walnuts are the favorite nut of Spaniards, accounting for 20% of household consumption. Next in terms of popularity are assorted nuts and peanuts, although the latter have seen their consumption fall compared to previous years.
Regarding per capita consumption, although the most voluminous category is the so-called "other nuts", walnuts are the most prominent, followed by peanuts, assorted nuts and almonds.
Regarding the profile of nut consumers, independent adults lead the ranking, doubling the national average consumption, with a total of 6.48 kilos per person and year in 2018. The retired, young couples without children and independent young people also have a higher than average consumption. Meanwhile, those consuming the least nuts are young couples with small or middle aged children.
The nut market in Spain
Just as the consumption of nuts has grown in terms of both volume and value, consumption in general (including that of the industry) has also increased. This is corroborated by the latest statistical report of the International Nut & Dried Fruit, INC. According to this international organization, the consumption of nuts in Spain has increased from 115,000 tons in 2013 to almost 160,000 in 2017.
Almonds are, by far, the queen of the nut market in Spain, with almost 82,000 tons in 2017. They are followed far behind by walnuts, with 13,600 tons, and by hazelnuts, which rank third with almost 10,600 tons. In fourth place we find cashews, with 5,600 tons, followed by pine nuts, macadamias or Brazil nuts.
Regarding the Spanish trade balance in nuts, the data provided by the INC reveal that they are negative for Spain, since a total of 169,270 tons were imported in 2017, compared to the 93,404 tons that were exported.
Spain mainly imports almonds, walnuts, pistachios and cashews, while the most exported nuts are almonds, pine nuts, walnuts and Brazil nuts.