As predicted by the Union of Agricultural Producers and Cattlemen of Aragon (UAGA), a member of the Alliance for the Aragon Climate Emergency, climate change is already having an impact on the region's agricultural sector. Therefore, the UAGA has proposed several measures to "put a stop" to the effects of climate change.
One of the measures is the greater use of irrigation, as there are more and more farms that need it "to ensure a minimum harvest." The organization clarified that the idea "is not to irrigate more hectares, but to irrigate more farms," so that those growing fruits, almonds and olives can guarantee their production.
Likewise, the UAGA stands behind conservation agriculture, a practice that makes it easier to cope with dry weather and reduces fuel consumption, while increasing the capture of CO2 in the soil. In 2008, direct sowing was done on 16,000 hectares in Aragon and this figure has already increased to 130,000 hectares.
He also argues in favor of planting woody crops since, in his opinion, "they are the only alternative in many rainfed areas." The UAGA has highlighted that we must ensure that they are not replaced, due to the current low profitability.
In Aragon, there are more than 700,000 olive trees that currently capture 80,000 tons of CO2. The organization warns that their disappearance would entail more emissions than all the forest fires that have taken place in Galicia in the last ten years.
The UAGA explained that through the efficient use of organic fertilizers generated by the growing livestock industry, the result of an urban and global consumption model, "it is possible to replace chemical synthesis fertilizers, much more polluting in their manufacture and transport," although "it is necessary to improve in the application and logistics, avoiding the pollution of aquifers."
Biodiversity, fire prevention and the productive structure that has been in place for several centuries "cannot disappear due to a short-term consumerist fashion," says UAGA.