Analysis of the Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics

Polish exports of fresh fruits increased by 3%

“Prices offered for apples on wholesale markets in August 2019, compared to August last year, were on average 20% higher,” Irena Strojewska, analyst at the Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics, said in a report.

On the wholesale market, prices increased for sour cherries (by 91%), plums (by 64%), strawberries (by 39%), pears (by 28%), bananas (by 21%), grapes (by 12%), and oranges (by 10%). On the other hand, prices decreased for lemons (by 28%), cherries (by 24%) and mandarins (by 11%).

In August 2019, compared to July this year, average prices of apples on wholesale markets increased by 18%, and by 12% on the market for products for direct consumption. In processing plants, prices of apples for pressing increased by 7% month on month, due to lower supply of raw material. Prices of cherries for pressing also went up (by 2%), as well as of cherries for freezing (by 24%) and raspberries (by 18%).

Retail prices of fruit and their products in July 2019, compared to July 2018, increased by an average of 1.5%. Among the fresh fruits, prices went up for bananas (by 17.1%), berry fruits (by 16.4%), stone fruits (by 14.3%), frozen fruits (by 9.6%), as well as dried fruits and nuts (by 0.5%). Apples became cheaper (by 34.7%).

In medium and large companies, in June 2019, compared to June 2018, the production of concentrated juice increased fivefold, and of fruit and fruit-and-vegetable juices for drinking by 25%. The production of other fruit and fruit-and-vegetable juices increased by 49%, squeezed from citrus fruits by 4%, and the production of juices pressed from pressed apple juice decreased by 8%.

The export volume of fresh fruit in June 2019 compared to June 2018 was higher by 3%, and of fruit products by 62%. Fresh fruit exports increased mainly due to the higher sales of apples (by 14%) and, as a result of increased sales of concentrated apple juice, exports of processed products rose by 62%.

The value of fresh fruit exports, due to their very low prices, decreased by 27% to 41.6 million euro, and processed products as a result of low raw material prices decreased by 18% to 100.6 million euro. Fresh fruit imports decreased in June 2019 compared to June 2018 by 7%.

Imports of processed products decreased by 11% (to 41.9 thousand tons) as a result of lower imports of concentrated juices (by 14%) and most processed products. In June 2019, the negative balance of trade in fruit and fruit products was 31.9 million euro, compared to a negative 4.5 million euro in June last year. In the first half of 2019, the negative balance of trade in fruit and their products amounted to 199 million euro, against the negative 152.8 million in euro the same period of the previous year. The value of exports decreased by 2% , while imports were higher by 2%, the report said.


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