Climate change is threatening the Rs 35 bln (€445 mln) fruit economy of Himachal Pradesh. Apple growers say their business, which constitutes 89 percent of the total fruit economy, is not as fruitful as it used to be a decade ago. Experts believe changes in precipitation patterns like frequent extreme weather events both in summer and winter have impacted the taste, colour and texture of apples.
Also, fluctuation in temperatures from December to February, for example, have been advancing flowering in apple trees in spring and altering the timing of key plant physiological events like early bud break and full bloom period.
If weather fluctuations continue in this manner, there will be changes in the fruit's taste, colour and size. The number of apples produced will also hit. This trend is currently noticeable in orchards located at an altitude of 1500 metres, SP Bhardwaj, a former joint director at the YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, told newindianexpress.com