Ecuador's mango campaign officially started on Thursday, September 12, 2019. Ecuador produces three main varieties of mango in 5,000 hectares devoted to this fruit and the season began with the Ataulfo variety. This mango variety accounts for 17% of the sector's crops. The harvest of the other two varieties, the Tommy Atkins (62%) and Kent (14%) varieties, will start in October and November, respectively, due to a delay in their flowering periods.
Yamil Farah, the president of Ecuador's Mango Foundation, said that the prospects for this harvest are similar to those of 2018. This year the country will export more than 13 million 4-kilo boxes, 92% of which are destined for the United States market. The rest will be sent to Canada, Mexico, and Europe.
Farah said that the current mango harvest, which runs until December and part of January 2020, will generate some 4,000 jobs. He also said that the Mango Foundation was in charge of monitoring the crops for the fruit fly and that they had four field engineers who visit the farms every week, from May to February, to do so.
Of the main mango producing countries, Mexico exports to the US about 80 million boxes a year. It is followed by Ecuador with more than 12 million boxes; Peru with 12 million boxes; Brazil with 8.5 million, and Haiti with 2 million.
According to Vlad Mitton, of the National Mango Board, “in the last five years, the volume sent by Mexico, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Guatemala, Haiti, and Nicaragua to the US increased by about 13%.”