The Kleppe SA company, one of the main Argentine exporters based in Cipolletti, Rio Negro, has managed to export 5 containers with 100 tons of Packham's pears to China. Two of the containers were sent to Shanghai and the other three to Hong Kong, from where they'll be sent by land to Guangzhou, the largest fruit import market in China.
The Chinese market was opened a few years ago, but due to the rigidity of its phytosanitary protocol, it is not easy to export this fruit to China. As a result, the fruit sector is asking Senasa to re-discuss the requirements with China, stated Marcelo Loyarte, executive director of the Argentine Chamber of Integrated Fruit Growers (Cafi).
Argentina produces some 550,000 tons of pears, and exports 320,000 to 350,000 tons. The European Union, Brazil, and Russia are its main buyers with 22 to 25% of the market each. According to data from the National Agricultural Food Health and Quality Service (Senasa), since 2016, the country has shipped 2,200 tons of pears to China.
This season the Asian country has experienced a decline in its apple production and the one marketed by the US has been affected by the China-US trade war, which has decreased its entry into the country. This situation could suppose a commercial opportunity for the export of Argentine apples to China.
According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), China, the largest apple producer in the world, will have a 25% drop in its production, reaching 31 million tons. Its pear production will drop by 20 percent to 13 million tons.