The exports of Argentine top fruit to Brazil have suffered a new blow, with the closing of commercial borders. Guillermo Rossi, the vice president of the National Food Health and Quality Service, Senasa, offered an interview to Rio Negro to delve into the reasons for the crisis, while they prepare a plan to sustain the Mitigation System (SMR).
The sanitary problems of the Valley's fruit-growing sector have deepened the crisis experienced by the activity, with the pressure of the carpocapsa on the fruit of Argentine top fruit. "Senasa's position since 2015, when the plague became visible, was to start having more controls within the chain before the situation got worse," Rossi said.
"When the activity is faced with problems of profitability, the first thing that is affected is its health policy. Producers stop applying the products to control plagues. They use a lower level of pheromones to try to lower costs."
Brazil is the most important market for the Valley with a turnover of 110 million dollars and a 32% share in fruit exports, which is why the Valley's sector is working hard to fight against the plague to continue with the market for apple exports. In recent days Brazilian health authorities have rejected several trucks loaded with apples on the border after inspecting them.
According to Rossi, it will still take a while to export the amounts exported in the last years, since the fight against the carpocapsa will last more than one season.
"The National Directorate of Plant Protection is creating a program, a work proposal that will be presented in a short time. The proposal will be promoted by the commission that is working in Patagonia. All the sectors that participate in the activity, including INTA, which should have a determining role, will gather there. It is fundamental that we discuss it all, because the State alone won't make us advance. The work plan should be submitted before July. It will be for the production stage that is coming, that is to say for the 2019/2020 campaign."
With a partially closed Brazilian market and the negative impact that retentions are generating on exports in the Valley, a lot of fruit is being reoriented towards the domestic market, so the prices of pears and apples in the national markets are expected to collapse.