Baja California has become Mexico's leading producer of dates with a production area of 1,367 hectares of date palms, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER). The Valley of Mexicali is the region that has increased the surface area devoted to this crop the most in 2019. The main date producing areas are located in the Rural Development Support Centers (CADER) Cerro Prieto, Hechicera, and Benito Juarez.
In 2018, 3,229 tons of dates were produced in the Mexicali Valley, especially of the Medjool variety, the most cultivated in the region, which reported 203.3 million pesos. According to data from the Agricultural Food and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP), the average yield per hectare is 8.39 tons.
The 164 registered producers have grouped in the State Council of Date Producers of Baja California with the intention of achieving the development and consolidation of the members of the entire fruit production chain.
The dates are marketed fresh or processed as wines, liquors, jams, or as an ingredient in various sweets.
The date is the fruit obtained from the Phoenix dactylifera L. species, which is popularly called date palm. It is the staple food of the countries of the Maghreb, from which the trees originated.