In South Korea, work has begun to develop 17 types of functional subtropical vegetables and 11 types of fruit trees, including chayote, papaya, apple mango and noni, suitable for growing in North Chungcheong Province.
Chungcheongbuk-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services announced on Wednesday that it has established a master plan to push for by 2030 to foster and spread the cultivation of subtropical crops in line with climate change.
Currently, 60 farms in the province grow subtropical crops on 19.6 hectares of farmland. The institute plans to invest 5.61 billion won (US$4.92 million), including 2.65 billion won in state funds by 2030, to develop technology and increase the cultivation area of subtropical crops to 100 hectares.
The decision to push towards diversification with subtropical plants is the result of rising temperatures, as the average temperature in the province has risen 0.83 degrees over the past 45 years, and the warming phenomenon of longer summers and shorter winters is expected to occur at a rapid pace.