Russian marketers say it is no secret that Belarus has been re-exporting apples, pears and many other products to Russia for many years. As analysts of EastFruit noted that this happened even before Russia introduced “anti-sanctions”, since import duties in Belarus were always lower than in Russia, and Belarusian products are shipped to Russia without paying duties. However, this process sharply accelerated after Russia introduced "anti-sanctions" against the European Union, the United States and Ukraine.
As a result, import of apples took off more than three times in relation to the usual level. However, for three years in a row, due to increased control from the Rosselkhoznadzor, the import of apples to Belarus has decreased, as well as the volume of re-exports.
In 2018, imports fell to the pre-sanction level. However, it should be noted here that the production of the own apples in Belarus has really increased over the years, so the decline in imports partially reflects the decline in the domestic demand of Belarus for imported apples.
However, in 2018, Belarus imported 194,000 tons of fresh apples, mainly from Poland. Also, quite significant volumes were imported, according to statistics, from Turkey and Ukraine. However, traders on condition of anonymity report that the “Turkish apple”, most likely, was nothing more than an apple from other countries with Turkish documents. This category of imports allegedly includes supplies of apples from Lebanon, Bangladesh, Tanzania and Yemen. These countries themselves are importers of these fruits, and apples do not grow in Tanzania and Bangladesh.
If we consider that Belarus reported a record harvest of its own apple at the level of 528,000 tons, add to this the import of 194,000 tons and take away the export of 81,000 tons (almost all to Russia), it turns out that in the domestic market of Belarus 647,000 tons of apple remained. Domestic consumption is hardly more than 200,000 tons - this would mean that it is approximately two times higher than in Ukraine. Therefore, it can be said with confidence that, at least, a significant part of the apple exports from Belarus are re-exports.