In recent years, Romanian walnut production has steadily grown, supported by growing domestic demand, increasing profitability and EU subsidies. In 2017, Romania was the largest walnut producer in the EU and among the world’s top-ten producers.
The main production regions are in the Carpathian Mountains, as well as north-western, north-eastern and southern regions. Weather conditions in 2017 and 2018 were particularly favorable, translating in higher yields.
Although small farmers and backyard holders account for most of Romania’s walnut trees, there is increasing commercial interest among larger and more intensive walnut producers, many of whom are looking to take advantage of EU subsidies. Walnut production offers appealing options for those willing to make a long-term investment. Despite the long time-frames required for trees to mature, walnut production is low maintenance and require less manual labor than other orchard crops.
Although domestic production mostly meets local demand for walnuts, Romanian consumers rely on imports for almonds and pistachios. U.S. tree-nut exports to Romania grew by 75 percent over the last five years, with almonds accounting for over half of U.S. exports. Consumers perceive tree nuts as healthful and this drives demand. Post recommends readers also view the EU-28 Consolidated Report Tree Nuts report.