Official controls on food sold over the Internet are still limited, according to a report from the European Commission. Controls of food sold online were limited and mainly focused on registered food business operators. Non-compliances were mostly related to labeling and health claim requirements. Online marketing of dangerous substances as food supplements was found in a few cases.
With internet sales of food increasing at EU level such controls will need to be enhanced due to the anticipated fast growth of e-commerce. Enforcement and cooperation with non-EU countries is the main constraint to effectively control food sold via the Internet.
The report is based on fact-finding missions to Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom in 2017 by the Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety of the European Commission (DG Health and Food Safety).
Most of these countries did not have specific national legislation for this type of sale. Official controls cover food hygiene (temperature requirements, transport, and traceability) labeling, health, and nutritional claims.