The fact that new countries are competing in the organic banana market creates new challenges for the producers of Piura, who are affected by the price reduction per box, which translates into lower income.
Days ago, Colombia celebrated the shipment of the fruit to the market of China, which has 1.3 billion inhabitants.
Appbosa collects the banana box for 6.50 dollars, which means that approximately one hectare of banana generates income for US $ 11,700. A year ago, the box cost US $ 7.50 (US $ 13,500 ha), which means that the income of farmers has been reduced by US $ 1,800 / ha.
The annual production of organic bananas in the region of Piura amounts to 280 thousand tons, 82% of which is destined to the foreign market. Currently the fruit is sent to 31 countries, and its three main markets, the Netherlands, the United States, and Germany, concentrate 80% of exports.
According to Richard Neyra Colmenares, an economist and former regional chief of Sierra and Selva Exportadora, Piura's banana faces two challenges: international prices and productivity. The region produces an average of 1,800 boxes per hectare.
"Ecuador had 500 thousand hectares of traditional banana and two years ago it began the conversion to organic. Currently it has about 20 thousand hectares, that is, twice the area of what Peru has. The neighbor has a productivity advantage of minimum 2,500 boxes / hectare, Colombia and Costa Rica have similar figures," he said.
"If the region's productivity levels improve, we will have better income levels and the markets will continue to buy the fruit from Piura, as it has already won a market, but we must give the product an added value, without forgetting that we need to make urgent improvements to quality and productivity," he said.