The avocado is one of the most important crops in the eastern region of the department of Antioquia. In fact, this region has become a great supplier of this product not only for the country, but for the world.
Due to the quality, specifically of its Hass variety, this product has had a good reception in international markets such as Germany, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Spain, United States, among other nations. The opening of the Argentine market was achieved recently, and producers from Antioquia intend to supply this country with their exquisite fruit, which is why they have been increasing the area and modernizing the crops
European like smaller fruits, one of the reasons they prefer the Hass variety (250 to 300 grams) the most. In addition, it is resistant to handling and transport, which is why it is the only variety that is exported. Colombia's avocado exports are expected to amount to nearly $ 100 million dollars in less than two years.
Due to the growing global demand for this variety it could be a good source of income for Antioquia. The department has a good edafoclimatic offer and produces all year round, which position it well within the thousands of tons that are produced annually in the country. As a result, producers from the municipalities of El Retiro, La Ceja, Sonson, Rionegro, El Carmen de Viboral, La Union, Abejorral, among others, are planting different avocado varieties, such as Hass, Reed, Colin Reed, Fuerte, and Choquette.
Agricultural producers must take into consideration certain aspects such as: the average time to start production, ecological factors such as climate, the composition of the soil, the obtaining of the seed and the sale of the product. These are vital factors if they want to be successful.
Colombia produces more than 400,000 tons of different varieties of avocado, which puts it in the first five places of production worldwide. Between 2015 and 2017, avocado exports increased by 413%, going from US $ 10.3 million to US $ 52.9 million. According to the estimates of Corpohass Colombia, in 2018 the country's avocado exports increased by 37.73% and amounted to US $ 73 million.