Mexican Hass avocado production is forecast at 1.9 million metric tons (MMT) or more for marketing year (MY) 2018/2019. Overall production is expected to be good as weather conditions have been optimal thus far. Sources indicate that of phytosanitary pest-control programs have helped boost production.
Michoacán is the world leader in avocado production, and accounts for 80 percent of total Mexican avocado supplies. Exports for MY 2018/19 are forecast to be close to 1.0 MMT. Exports to the United States are expected to continue to be strong and growing.
Post’s avocado production forecast for MY 2018/19 (July/June) is between 1.9 and 2.0 MMT based on market intelligence. Overall production is expected to be good as weather conditions have been optimal thus far. Sources indicate that the implementation of phytosanitary pest-control programs has helped boost production. Production estimates for MY 2017/18 are at about 2.0 MMT, based on official estimates. According to producers, avocado trees had an alternate-bearing high crop and good rainfall.
Production for MY 2016/17 is at 2.02 MMT, based on official data.
The Mexican Avocado Association of Producers and Export Packers is working with producers in Michoacán to invest in technological improvements to ensure that avocados are free of pests and chemical or biological residues.
According to sources, costs of production in Michoacán vary from about $81,000 pesos/Ha (USD $4,308/Ha) using basic technology to about $110,000 pesos/Ha (USD $5,851/Ha) with advanced technology that includes machinery and irrigation systems. The depreciation of the peso against the dollar keeps increasing these costs. Yields vary from eight to 10 metric tons per hectare (MT/Ha) or more depending on the level of technology used.