Europe: VOG outlook for the 2013/14 season

Normal harvest volumes and balance between demand and supply. These brief words sum up the prospects for the coming apple-growing season, following a 2012/13 season featuring apple scarcity in Western Europe and fluctuating prices for much of the season.

Gerhard Dichgans

This is the conviction of Gerhard Dichgans, VOG Consortium Director who – on returning from the 2013 edition of Prognosfruit, the annual event devoted to harvest forecasts, held in Prague from 8 to 10 August – is upbeat about the statistics emerging from the event.

"In 2012 we saw a drop of 9% in European apple production, with peaks – in the case of France – reaching up to minus 30%. Total European production fell below the 10 million ton mark, far less than its real productive capacity. 

For 2013 the forecast is for a return to an "on-tree" total of some 10.8 million tons, with all Western Europe's apple-growing areas producing a normal harvest, even if featuring smaller average apple dimensions.
Poland, meanwhile, will pass the 3 million ton mark for the second time, confirming its position as top apple producer in Europe 27.

Q: Mr. Dichgans, before talking about the upcoming season, can you make a final comment on the 2012/13 season?

Prices began to rise in early Autumn, as soon as market operators became aware of the reduced offer from many major apple-growing zones, including various areas in France and Italy. Despite the rise in prices, apple consumption actually remained remarkably constant in practically all European countries, with a very slight negative reaction in Italy. Month after month, our group sold a similar amount of apples to the previous season, despite a harvest down by roughly 15%. The season finished early, but we continued to try to give priority to supplying our traditional customers and our strategic markets. At the end of the season, our commercial balance was positive. Unfortunately, this was not true of all sector producers, especially in the areas badly affected by Spring frosts.

Q: What are the detailed forecasts for this year's South Tyrol harvest?

For the South Tyrol, the estimate for "on-tree" yield is 1,050,000 tons, a rise of 10.7% on last year. This is still a long way from being a return to full harvests such as those of 2009 or 2011.
After the abundant Spring blossom, the wet and humid weather has led to a normal amount of apples developing, but some varieties – such as Red Delicious – have suffered from poor fruit setting performance. Average apple dimension is slightly smaller than in 2012.
We must remember that the estimated on-tree volume will be reduced once the substantial losses caused by mid-July hailstorms have been deducted. Overall, the number of apples sent to storage will be only slightly higher than in 2012.

Q: What should we expect in terms of price trends?

Given the return to "normal" harvest volumes across Europe, prices too will return to normal, encouraging a more regular destocking rate of larger stocks. But I foresee prices staying as they are through the late summer and the first months of Autumn. For example, the first Gala apples of the season – ready for the market nearly ten days late – have immediately met with very lively demand, both from Italy and abroad. A major cause for this was the early end of last season's Golden stocks, along with the offer from abroad dwindling to a trickle.

Q: New markets and exports: what should we expect from the 2013 season?

In 2012/2013 the Italian market accounted for 40% of our sales. Despite the lower harvest, we respected the quotas committed to major retailing networks, and we intend to do so again in this new season.
Germany – our second largest market – will offer us extremely interesting prospects, especially in the second half of the season, given a national harvest down by 17%... one of the lowest for some years. The Northern European and Scandinavian markets should be favourable too, since our smaller apple sizes are more to their taste.
As far as new target destinations go, we remain extremely interested in the countries of the Mediterranean basin and North Africa, where we have grown robustly in recent years. In Spain, meanwhile, having further raised our sales volume in 2012/2013, our objective now is to consolidate our market share and work harder on quality and brand distribution.

Q: How is VOG's varietal renewal programme going?

With a stable production area of roughly 10,000 hectares, our consortium's aim is not to further improve the quantity of our offer, but its quality.
The main goals here are the clonal renewal of classic varieties such as Royal Gala or Red Delicious, and further investments in new varieties offering exceptional and original organoleptic features.
In this context, the two most recent novelties presented on the Italian market are Kanzi® and Jazz®: despite their marked differences, both these varieties are – interestingly – crosses between Gala and Braeburn. Here our harvest is rising, and in 2013/2014 we will be able to intensify our work on distributing them in Italy and in Europe. 

On top of this, we have also started planting another promising variety: Scilate, sold in collaboration with ENZA under the name Envy®, which offers remarkable organoleptic qualities, and which will soon be making quite a name for itself.

For more information:
Sabine Oberhollenzer
TEL. +39-0471-256722

Lorenzo Minin
Press office VOG-c/o Fruitecom
TEL. +39-59-7863894

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