Polish fruit market report
Average prices offered for apples in November 2017, in comparison with November 2016 increased by 104% in export companies, by 98% in horticultural cooperatives, and by 94% in wholesale markets. Pear prices increased by 47% on wholesale markets, by 24% in horticultural cooperatives, and by 23% in export companies. Wholesale prices also saw increases in the case of plums (by 94%), grapes (by 40%), lemons (by 9%), bananas (by 4%) and mandarins (by 3%), reports Irena Strojewska in the IERiGŻ report.
According to Irena Strojewska, only the prices of imported oranges decreased (by 13%). Due to the lowest supply of raw material since 2007, processing plants paid 0.99 PLN*/kg for apples for pressing (over 200% more than in November of the previous year). The increase in purchase prices of industrial apples, stimulated by competition between processing plants, contributed to the increase in the prices of apple juice concentrate exported from Poland. In November 2017, in comparison with October this year, average apple prices offered by exporting companies dropped by 4%. On wholesale markets, they increased by 1%, and in processing plants, the purchase price of apples increased by 3%.
"Wholesale prices increased for grapes (by 48%), bananas (by 5%), pears (by 3%) and plums and lemons (2% each). On the other hand, mandarins (by 19%) and oranges (by 6%) became cheaper. The average retail prices of fruit and their processed products in October 2017, in relation to October 2016, increased by 14.4%. Apple prices increased the most (by 55.8%), followed by stone fruit (by 35.1%) and berry fruits (by 18.6%)," added Irena Strojewska.
As a result of a reduced supply of raw materials, the production of fruit and fruit-vegetable juices decreased by 8% in the months of January-September 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Average sales prices of orange juices in October 2017, as compared to October 2016, increased by 9% as a result of the increase in import prices of raw material, and apple juices became 2% more expensive. Prices of jams produced from blackcurrants fell by 5%, and those made from strawberries recorded a 16% drop.
The volume of fresh fruit exports decreased due to lower sales of most fruits, mainly apples (by 49%), and in the case of processed products, there were reductions in the export of frozen foods (by 12%) and concentrated apple juice (by 41%). The value of fresh fruit exports decreased by 13% (to EUR 36.1 million), while higher prices of frozen foods and jams limited the decline in the value of fruit product exports, which dropped by 8%, down to EUR 103.0 million.
The import of fresh fruit grew by 23%, reaching 135.6 thousand tonnes, with greater purchases of fruit from other climate zones, mainly bananas, which recorded a 63% rise. Imports of processed products increased by 19% to 40.1 thousand tonnes, and the import of concentrated juices (by 3%) and frozen foods (by 80%) also increased.
In the period from January to September 2017, the negative balance in the trade of fruit and their products amounted to EUR 168.9 million, compared to a positive balance of EUR 8.2 million in the same period of the previous year. The value of exports decreased by 2% to EUR 1,370.1 million, while imports recorded an 11% increase and were worth EUR 1,539.0 million.
*1 PLN= 0.24 Euro/0.29 US$
Publication date: 1/5/2018
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