Poland: New apple variety bred by SGGW
A new apple variety called Chopin has been bred at the Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW). It is resistant to scab, which will make it possible for the use of chemical treatments to be significantly reduced, reported Krzysztof Szwejk, spokesperson for the university.
In the opinion of professor Kazimierz Tomala, from the Independent Department of Pomology of the SGGW, the Chopin has many features that make it attractive for both fruit growers and consumers, as well as processors. Besides its resistance to scab (fungal disease affecting apple trees), the Chopin also stands out for its long shelf life after the harvest (6-7 months), while other autumn or early winter varieties can usually not be stored for too long.
According to the professor, the fruits of this variety are also perceived by consumers as tasty, crisp and juicy. Chopin apples contain a lot of organic acids; however, in the ripening process, their taste changes to a sweeter one.
The acidity of the variety is a great advantage for the processing, as sweet varieties dominate the market. Chopin apples can consequently be an attractive ingredient in the production of juices and ciders, but it is also possible to produce delicious chips and apple pie mousses, stresses professor Tomala.
The professor emphasizes that getting new apple varieties is very important for the development of fruit growing, because each variety has a limited time of efficient yielding. Furthermore, varieties differ in their resistance to diseases, market requirements, cultivation technology needs and fruit sizes. To maintain the size and quality of the production, old trees need to be replaced with new ones.
Publication date: 12/7/2017
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