The glyco-alkaloid content in potatoes is potentially toxic and secondary metabolites such as alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine are considered dangerous for human health.
Researchers from the Federico II University in Naples described new methods to reduce alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine content in Marabel potatoes. They were incubated at room temperature in the dark for 24 hours and the optimal experimental condition was achieved with a sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution at pH 12.
In the analysed samples, the reduction of alpha-solianine and alpha-chaconine was 43 and 27% respectively. The process enables the reduction of the total glyco-alkaloid content in relation to harvesting, storage and cleaning modes of Marabel potatoes.
Source: Romanucci Valeria, Di Fabio Giovanni, Di Marino Cinzia, Davinelli Sergio, Scapagnini Giovanni, Zarrelli, Armando, 'Evaluation of new strategies to reduce the total content of α-solanine and α-chaconine in potatoes', 2018, Phytochemistry Letters, Vol. 23, pag. 116-119.